Hydrogen sulphide and health.

  • 72 Pages
  • 1.57 MB
  • English

Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Ltd , Calgary, Alberta
Hydrogen sulfide -- Environmental aspects -- Alberta, Hydrogen sulfide -- Environmental aspects -- New Zealand, Natural gas -- Alberta, Natural gas -- New Zealand -- Rot
Other titlesA review of and comments on concerns raised regarding the health effects of hydrogen sulfide and the Amoco Dome Brazeau blowout., Study trip to Rotorua, New Zealand., The toxicology of hydrogen sulfide with particular reference to the effects of long-term, low-level exposure.
ContributionsMilby, Thomas H., Smith, Roger P. 1932-, Young, Murray R., Amoco Canada Petroleum Co.
LC ClassificationsQD181.S1 H9, QD181S1 H9 1983
The Physical Object
Pagination72 leaves, [10] leaves of plates :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19731738M

Hydrogen Sulfide and its Therapeutic Applications: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Short-term inhalation exposure to high concentra- tions of hydrogen sulfide causes health effects in many systems; reported health effects in humans following exposure to hydrogen sulfide include death and respira- tory, ocular, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic, and reproductive Size: KB.

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, flammable gas at ambient temperature and pressure. It has an odor similar to that of rotten eggs and is both an irritant and an asphyxiant. The air odor threshold ranges between and ppm, and olfactory fatigue may occur at ppm.

As the nation's health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats.

CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Hydrogen sulfide Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A.

Hydrogen Sulfide in Industry This document describes the dangers of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the workplace, and how to avoid them.

It also explains how to recognize and prevent H2S poisoning, and the type of first aid to give to people overcome by the gas. Hydrogen sulfide has a characteristic rotten egg smell which can be detected at very low levels, well below those that are known to cause health effects.

Smelling hydrogen sulfide does not mean that it will harm your health. The smell can cause worry, anxiety and resentment. Hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S or “sour gas”), is well known as a serious workplace exposure hazard in O&G extraction.

Health effects associated with H 2 S exposure range from acute and chronic respiratory and eye irritation to neurological effects and death from pulmonary edema or oxygen deficiency.

Related NIOSH Resources. NIOSHTIC-2 search results for hydrogen sulfide—NIOSHTIC-2 is a searchable database of worker safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles supported in whole or in part by NIOSH.; NIOSH Worker Health Study Summaries—NIOSH conducts research to prevent illnesses and injuries in the workplace.

The. Hydrogen sulfide (also known as H 2 S, sewer gas, swamp gas, stink damp, and sour damp) is a colorless gas known for its pungent "rotten egg" odor at low concentrations. It is extremely flammable and highly toxic. Hydrogen sulfide is used or produced in a number of industries, such as.

Oil and gas refining; Mining; Tanning; Pulp and paper processing. Hydrogen sulfide gas causes a wide range of health effects. Workers are primarily exposed to hydrogen sulfide by breathing it.

The effects depend on how much hydrogen sulfide you breathe and for how long. Exposure to very high concentrations can quickly lead to death. Hydrogen sulfide is a common by-product of petroleum extraction and refining, as well as a potential hazard from the breakdown of organic materials (hence, its common name, “sewer gas”); overexposure can result from work in confined spaces, submersion in manure pits, or proximity to geothermal and volcanic sources.

Hydrogen sulfide is a respiratory irritant, but it is an even more potent. Hydrogen Sulfide in Industry Every year, workers are accidentally exposed to unsafe levels of hydrogen sulfide (H 2S), also called sour gas, sewer gas, stink damp, and hydrosulphuric acid.

H 2S can be deadly; too much of the gas can kill a worker in a few seconds. This document describes the dangers of H 2S in the workplace, and how to avoid them. Abstract The acute toxic effects of hydrogen sulfide have been known for decades.

However, studies investigating the adverse health effects from chronic, low-level exposure to this chemical are limited. In this study, the authors compared symptoms of adverse health effects, reported by residents of two communities exposed mainly to chronic, low-levels of industrial sources of hydrogen sulfide.

The ppm is considered by the ACGIH as Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health. Hydrogen sulfide is an extremely toxic, flammable gas that may be encountered in the production of gas well gas, high-sulfide, high sulfur content crude oil, crude oil fractions, associated gas, and waters.

A third way to prevent health problems caused by hydrogen sulfide exposure is to use personal protective equipment.

Details Hydrogen sulphide and health. EPUB

PPE for hydrogen sulfide includes full-face air purifying respirators (APR) for gas amounts up to ppm, and self-contained breathing apparatuses (SCBA) or supplied air lines for gas amounts reaching ppm or higher.

Hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) occurs naturally in crude petroleum, natural gas, volcanic gases, and hot springs. It can also result from bacterial breakdown of organic matter. It is also produced by human and animal wastes.

Bacteria found in your mouth and gastrointestinal tract produce hydrogen sulfide from bacteria decomposing materials that contain vegetable or animal proteins. Avoid mouth-to-mouth contact by using mouth guards or shields. Immediately call a Poison Centre or doctor.

Treatment is urgently required. Transport to a hospital. NOTE: Victims may pose a threat to responders due to the release of hydrogen sulfide from their clothing, skin, and exhaled air.

Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless gas with a rotten-egg odor.

Download Hydrogen sulphide and health. EPUB

Some people can smell hydrogen sulfide at very low levels, as low as parts per billion (ppb) in air. Most hydrogen sulfide in the air comes from natural sources. It is produced when bacteria break down plant and animal material, often. Alice Hamilton described fatal work injuries from acute hydrogen sulfide poisonings in in her book Industrial Poisons in the United States.

There is no unique code for H2S poisoning in the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision; therefore, these deaths cannot be.

Hydrogen sulfide is slightly heavier than air and may accumulate in enclosed, poorly ventilated, and low-lying areas. Where is hydrogen sulfide used. Hydrogen sulfide is used in several industries and is a by-product of many industrial processes including oil refining, mining, tanning, wood pulp processing, food processing, craft paper.

Septem Page 3 The health effects caused by H 2S depend upon the amount, duration and route of the exposure. Exposure to H 2S from a landfill would occur when someone inhales H 2S. Hydrogen sulfide is rapidly removed from the body and does not accumulate in the re to high levels (> ppm) are.

Recent research in animals suggests hydrogen sulfide (one of the main components found in smelly gas) may provide certain health benefits, like preserving heart health.

Hydrogen Sulfide Health Effects Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless, flammable, extremely hazardous gas with a “rotten egg” smell and it is produced by the break down of animal wastes or manure. It is heavier than air and can collect in low-lying and enclosed poorly. Get this from a library. Hydrogen sulfide: human health aspects.

[C -H Selene J Chou; World Health Organization.; United Nations Environment Programme.; International Labour Organisation.; Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals.; International Program on Chemical Safety.] -- Sudden death among sewerage workers is the most familiar form of hydrogen sulphide.

Just put in Singh, hydrogen sulfide in physiology and disease of the digestive tract. That’s a really great one to have if you are inclined to read scientific studies. Because it goes through the whole, also how hydrogen sulfide is produced endogenously and exogenously. Abstract. Hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S is the primary chemical hazard in natural gas production in ‘sour’ gas fields.

It is also a hazard in sewage treatment and manure-containment operations, construction in wetlands, pelt processing, certain types of pulp and paper production, and any situation in which organic material decays or inorganic sulphides exist under reducing conditions. Hydrogen sulphide is incompatible with strong oxidizers, such as nitric acid or chlorine trifluoride, and may react violently or ignite spontaneously.

When hydrogen sulphide is released into the air, it will form sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid in the atmosphere.

Description Hydrogen sulphide and health. PDF

Health effects. Hydrogen sulphide is extremely toxic. Workers are exposed when. Bowel Wars: Hydrogen Sulfide vs. Butyrate. Sulfur dioxide preservatives in dried fruit, sulfites in wine, and the putrefaction of undigested animal protein in the colon can release hydrogen sulfide, the rotten egg gas associated with inflammatory bowel disease.

Why you need to know about Hydrogen Sulfide dominance for your patients' gut health. Hydrogen Sulfide overproduction in your patients has damaging digestive and systemic health effects. This gas is implicated in the development of SIBO and LIBO, and can be the underlying culprit in treatment resistant IBS, SIBO, and functional digestive disorders.

Hydrogen sulfide occurs naturally and is also produced by human activities. Just a few breaths of air containing high levels of hydrogen sulfide gas can cause death. Lower, longer-term exposure can cause eye irritation, headache, and fatigue. This substance has been found in at least 24 of the 1, National Priorities List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The hydrogen sulfide expert consultants from No Fault Services can help answer all of your questions about the challenges you face, and help with a comprehensive program to solve and prevent them.

Find out more about how we can help by calling us at or. Hydrogen sulfide is a flammable and toxic gas found particularly in confined spaces such as trenches and sewers. For the construction industry, this poses particular risk for workers in outdoor excavation projects. Specific regulations for confined spaces General Industry are found on OSHA’s website.

(29 CFR ) OSHA recently cited a Dallas utility company for .Hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) is a gaseous mediator synthesized from cysteine by cystathionine γ lyase (CSE) and other naturally occurring enzymes.

Pharmacological experiments using H 2 S donors and genetic experiments using CSE knockout mice suggest important roles for this vasodilator gas in the regulation of blood vessel caliber, cardiac response to ischemia/reperfusion injury, and inflammation.